The rotation of crops in the same growing space over a span of a few years is an agriculture tactic dating back a thousand of years and has proven to be extremely healthy for the soil.
That is because every plant requires specific ingredients in a different amount, which gets depleted from the ground after a while, leading to a decline in the health of the crops –this is where rotation of crops comes in.
It involves the growth of a different set of plants every season in the same soil rather than the same ones, is an increasingly popular technique used by farmers for better plant health.
Because every farm, garden bed or any plant-growing space comes with a different set of climatic conditions, soil fertility, and available farming nutrients, crop rotation has no fixed schedule.
It is entirely dependent on the farmer and the kind of plants that they want to grow and keeps in mind the climatic conditions of the region. That includes the sunlight availability, average rainfall, and richness and fertility of the soil.
There is also no restriction on the number of crops available for rotation; another factor that the farmer has complete control over.
Plants give us a lot of advantages, but they come at a cost that may be bad for the Earth that they grow in long-term. That happens because every plant requires a different nutrient to produce and yield. Moreover, while some plants take up more carbon, others consume more oxygen.
Point being, every plant has a different requirement, and that can take its toll on the soil.
Crop rotation helps because avoid this loss because it involves systematic planning of what plant to grow in a particular soil and when.
Making a schedule of the plant growth enables the soil to recover from a particular nutrient depletion, and does not add the immense burden of one nutrient provision upon it. That increases the long-term yield, disrupts the growing pests and weeds, allows for a more stable soil structure, reduces the fallow-field time, diminishes the use of pesticides and cuts down the greenhouse gas emission levels.
Crop rotation as an agricultural technique has been traced to the year 6000 BC to the Middle Easterns, who themselves did not recognize the significance behind it.
Today, we are more aware of the reasons behind why crop rotation is a necessary horticultural element, having the following scientifically proven benefits:
Crop rotation is different for every farming space and geographic region and farmers often have to customize the schedule according to the plants they have to grow and the climatic nature of the area. Here is a helpful guide to crop rotation, to make it easy for beginners as well.
Crops are of four kinds, all of which require different nutrients and climatic conditions, all as follows
The Crop Rotation Technique: It is evident that crop rotation requires you not to place plants together that need the same kinds of nutrients to grow. You can do that by following the tactic mentioned underneath.
So there you go – everything you need to know about crop rotation and how the methodology has helped advance agriculture.